九年级下册重点短语和句型全总结
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 Module1 Travel

Unit1 We toured the city by bus and by taxi.

1. welcome back 欢迎回来

2. not bad 还不错

3. be full of 充满 =be filled with

4. over = more than 超过、多于

5. because of + 名词/代词/动名词

because+句子

6. fly back to +地名 飞回某地

7. a bit late 有点晚

a bit of + 不可数名词

8. fly direct to Hong Kong 直飞香港

9. succeed in doing sth. 成功做某事

10. take a boat to sp. = go to sp. by boat 坐船去某地

11. have quite a good time 玩得很高兴

quite a / an + adj. + n. = a very adj. + n.

quite a nice boy = a very nice boy

12. tour the city v. = take a tour to the city n. 环城市旅行

13. go for a walk 去散步

14. had better do sth. 最好做某事

15. at the end of the term 在学期末

16. nothing to worry about 没什么可担心的

17. as long as 只要; 和…一样长

18. the school-leavers’ party 毕业生晚会

19. look forward to+ sth. / doing sth. 盼望(做)某事

Unit2 It’s a long story.

1. say goodbye to sb. 向某人告别

say hello to sb. 向某人问候

2. take care 多保重

care for 喜欢

care about 关心

take care = be careful 小心、注意

take care of sb. / sth. 照顾某人 / 保管某物

3. get on 上(车) get off 下(车)

4. be afraid +that从句: 恐怕

be afraid of +名词/代词/动名词: 害怕/担心

be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事

5. take one’s seat 就坐;坐某人的座位

6. have /get sth. ready: 把某物准备好

Please have your tickets ready. 请把票准备好。

7. have a look at sth. = take a look at sth. = look at sth. 看一看某物

8. I see the problem. 我发现问题了。

I see. 我明白了。

9. How stupid of me.!我真笨!= How stupid I am!

How + adj. + of sb. to do sth. 某人因做了某事而显得怎样

How careless of you to make this mistake. 你犯了这个错误,真是不小心!

10. wait a moment 等一会儿

for a moment 一会儿

at that moment 在那时

a moment ago 刚才

at any moment 任何时候

a moment later 片刻之后

11. go past 经过

12. sb. be surprised to do sth. 某人惊奇做某事

sb. be surprised at sth. 某人对…感到惊奇

to one’s surprise 令人惊奇的是

in surprise 惊奇地, 是副词性短语,修饰动词

13. take off 脱下 (反义词 ) → put on 穿上

take off 起飞

14. make sb. / oneself + adj.(形容词) 使某人/某人自己怎样

The news made her happy. 这个消息使她很开心。

make sb./oneself +动词过去分词 (heard /understood) 使某人/ 某人自己被(听见/ 理解)

The teacher made himself understood in class. 老师在课堂上让自己被理解。

15. It’s a long story. 说来话长。(口语)

16. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 向某人提供某物

provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. for sb. 提供某物给某人

17. That’s very good of you. 你真好。

It’s / That’s + 形容词 + of sb. to do sth. 表示人的性格或品质,这类形容词有: kind, good, nice, clever, polite, careless等。 It’s kind of you to help me with the work.

若形容词仅仅是描述事物, 不是对不定式行为者的品格进行评价时,用for sb.,这 类形容词有:difficult, easy, hard, important, dangerous等。 It’s difficult for us to finish the work.

Module2 Education

Unit1 They don’t sit in rows.

1. What is…like? …是什么样的?/…怎么样?

What are English school like? 英国学校什么样?

What’s the weather like today? 今天天气怎么样?

2. a bit /a little/much/even + 形容词或副词的比较级

a little earlier 有点早

much better 好很多

3. wear a jacket and tie 穿夹克衫系领带

4. sit in rows 坐成排

5. sports ground 运动场

6. enjoy/like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

7. one day 某一天(过去/将来)

8. play with 和...…玩

9. mean doing sth. 意味着做某事

mean to do sth. 打算/意图做某事

Unit2 What do I like best about school?

1. How do you like …?= What do you think of …?你觉得...…怎么样?

2. far (away) from sp. 离某地多远

3. primary school 小学

4. secondary school 中学

5. be present at 出席

be absent from 缺席

6. last (for) + 一段时间 持续…...

7. have a break = have/take a rest 休息一下

8. two more lessons = another two lessons 还有两节课

9. instead of + sth./doing sth. 代替,而不是

10. in the country = in the countryside 在农村,在乡下

11. parents’meeting 家长会

12. once a term 一学期一次

13. above all 首先,最重要的是

14. do well in 在……方面做得好

15. ask for one’s advice 征求某人的建议

take/follow one’s advice 接受/听从某人的建议

16. to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是

17. teach oneself sth. = learn sth. by oneself自学

Module3 Life now and then

Unit1 They sometimes work harder.

1. nearly = almost 几乎;差不多

2. know…about 了解关于…的情况

3. There is less fear of 很少害怕......

4. get ill 生病

5. take/do exercise=play sports 做锻炼

6. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

There used to be 曾经有......

7. suppose that 从句 猜想;认为

suppose sb. to be 认为某人是

be supposed to do sth. =should do sth. 应该做某事

You are not supposed to play basketball here. 你不该在这里打篮球。

8. That’s because… 那是因为...…

That’s why … 那就是...…的原因

9. the number of +可数名词复数 ...…的数量(数目、人数),其作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

a number of +可数名词复数 许多的,其作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

10. in one’s free time = in one’s spare time = when sb. be free 在某人的业余时间

11. speak up 大点声说

12. the deaf 失聪的人 the blind 盲人

Unit2 I think life is better today.

1. all one’s life 终生,一辈子

2. all day (long) 整天

3. all the year round 整年

4. in the winter cold or in the summer heat 无论是寒冷的冬天还是火热的夏天

5. a loving mother 一位慈祥的妈妈

6. go out to work 出去工作

7. a full-time job 一份全职工作

a part-time job 一份兼职工作

8. afford to do sth. 有足够的钱做某事

afford to buy sth. 买得起某物

9. what’s more 而且;更重要的是

10. play a role/part in (doing) sth. 在(干)某事上起作用

11. have a good education 接受良好的教育

12. be/get married to sb. 与某人结婚

13. be happy/glad to do sth. 高兴/乐意做某事

14. though 可是,不过;然而 (位于句末)

15. be busy doing sth. = be busy with sb. 忙于(做)某事

16. generally speaking = in general 一般而言

17. satisfying adj. 令人满意的

be satisfied with … 对…满意

satisfy v. 使……满意

Module4 Rules and suggestions

Unit1 You must be careful of falling stones.

1. pay attention to sth. /doing sth. 注意(做)某事

2. for a moment 一会儿

3. set off/out= start off/out 出发,动身

set off for sp. 动身去某地

4. suggest doing sth. 建议做某事

suggest that sb. (should) do sth. 建议某人应该做某事

make a suggestion 提建议

5. whenever = no matter when 无论什么时候

6. close to = next to = near 靠近

7. hurt oneself 伤着某人自己

8. keep together 聚在一起,不分散

9. be/get lost 迷路

10. go off = leave 离开;熄灭;变质

11. on one’s own = by oneself = alone 独自地

12. start to do / doing sth. 开始做某事

13. to start/begin with 起初,开始的时候

14. be careful of/with sth. 小心某物

be careful of doing sth. 小心做某事

be careful to do sth. 做某事小心

15. come on 过来;赶快;加油

16. begin/start with 以……开始

17. get + adj. 变得(强调变化)

get yellow

Unit2 We must keep the camp clean.

1. watch out = look out = be careful 小心,当心

watch out for sb. /sth. 当心某人/某物

2. the three of us 我们三个人(总共三人)

three of us 我们中的三个(我们不止三人)

3. fall asleep 入睡

4. in the middle of the night = at midnight 在午夜

5. noise n.噪音

noisy adj.吵闹的

noisily adv.吵闹地

make a noise 制造噪音

6. look out of … 从...…往外看

Don’t look out of the window in class. 上课时不要看窗外。

7. open adj. 开着的;营业的

closed adj.关闭着的

open v.打开;开业

close v.关闭

8. in a tree (外来的物)在树上

on a tree (树本身长的的东西)在树上

9. put up 建造;搭起;举起

10. from a long way away 从很远的地方

11. tidy up 收拾;整理;使整洁

12. reach out 伸出(手或臂)

reach out for sth. 伸手去够某物

reach sp. 到达某地

13. look up 抬头;向上看;查找,查阅

14. a piece of wood 一块木头

in the woods 在树林

15. every time = each time 每次;每当(引导时间状语从句)

16. My blood went cold. 我全身发冷。

go bad变坏/变质

go blind 失明

17. except 介词 除……之外,常与all, every, anything, anyone, no 等词连用。

18. be made of 由……制成的

The table is made of wood. 这张桌子是用木头做成的。

19. wake up to …= realize 意识到

We must wake up to the importance of English.

20. To save water is to save lives. 节约水就是挽救生命。

To see is to believe. 眼见为实。

13. pass on… to…= pass…on to… 把……传递给……

Please pass on the letter to him. 请把这封信递给他。

14. in order to do sth. 为了做某事

15. so that + 句子 以便;为了

16. at the same time 同时

17. be known as 作为……而出名

She is known as a writer. 她作为一名作家而出名。

18. be responsible for sb. /sth. 对某人/某事负责

I’m responsible for my child. 我对我的孩子负责。

Module5 Look after yourself

Unit1 We’d better get you to hospital.

1. seriously = badly 严重地

The person is seriously hurt. 这个人受伤很严重。

2. sth. happened to sb. 某人发生某事

sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做了某事

happen 指偶然发生,无被动语态

take place 指事先安排或按计划发生,无被动语态

3. catch up 赶上

catch up with sb. 赶上/追上某人

4. in + 一段时间,用于将来时

how soon 在多久之后

5. miss v. 想念;错过

missing adj. 不在的,缺席的;失踪的;丢失的

6. have an agreement to do sth. = agree to do sth. 达成一致做某 事;同意做某事

7. have an accident 发生一次意外事故

by accident = by chance 意外地;偶然地

8. fall over 向前摔倒

fall off 跌落;从……掉下来

fall down 倒下

fall off sth. = fall down from sth. 从某物上掉下来

9. show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物

10. There he is. 他在那儿。

11. Here comes the bus. 公车来了。

12. Nothing serious. 没什么严重的;不严重

13. call off 取消

14. put off 推迟

Unit2 Get off the sofa!

1. thanks to = because of = with the help of 幸亏,由于

2. health care 卫生保健(服务)

3. expect to do sth. 期望做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 指望/预料某人做某事

expect that从句 预计/预料

4. get off 下(车、马);离开;动身

5. keep fit =keep healthy = stay healthy 保持健康

6. step n. 脚步(声);步骤;措施 v. 走;踏入;踩

step by step 逐步地

7. require sth. 需要某物

require (sb.) to do sth. 要求(某人)做某事

sth. require doing (表被动) = sth. require to be done 某物需要被......

8. the same as 与……一样的

9. once in a while = sometimes = at times = now and then = from time to time 偶尔;有时

10. not just … but… 不仅…而且…

not …but … 不是…而是…

11. say no to 向…说不;拒绝

say yes to 向……说行;同意

12. think about 考虑;思考

13. be in good health 身体健康

14. not… at all 根本不,一点也不

Not at all. 不客气;没关系

15. put on weight 增肥;增加体重

lose weight 减肥;减轻体重

16. plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事

17. be worth doing sth. 值得做某事

18. from side to side 左右摇摆;从一边到另一边

19. in pain 痛苦地

20. make tea 沏茶

21. take /show an interest in 对……感兴趣

be/become/get interested in 对……感兴趣

22. for the past couple of months 在过去的几个月里

in the past few years 在过去的几年中

23. take up 开始从事;开始养成……的习惯;占用;占据

24. stay up 熬夜

25. Thousands of people died from smoking. 成千上万的人死于吸烟

26. give up smoking = stop smoking 戒烟

Module6 Eeating together

Unit1 When is the school-leavers’party?

1. hold v.举办;召开;抓住;握住;容纳

hold/have a meeting 开会

2. in fact事实上;实际上

3. sb. be chosen to do sth. 某人被选中去做某事

choose sb. to do sth. 选某人去做某事

choose v. 选择 choice n. 选择

make a choice 作出选择

4. ask sb. to do sth. 请/要求某人去做某事,其否定形式→ ask sb. not to do sth.

ask sb. for sth. 问某人要某物

5. dish n. 一道菜;菜肴;盘;碟

wash the dishes = dothe dishes 清洗餐具

6. be no good 不适合,不行,不好

It is no good /use doing sth. 做某事没用

be no good to sb. 对某人没有好处/帮助

be no good for sth. 某物不适合

7. prepare to do sth. 准备做某事

prepare for 为……做准备

prepare sth. for… 为…...准备某物

prepare sb.sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物

8. be made with 用…...做成

be made of (看得出原材料)

be made from (看不出原材料)

be made in + 地点 产于某地

be made into +成品 被制成

9. everywhere 处处;到处(用于肯定句)

somewhere 某处;在某处(用于肯定句)

anywhere 任何地方;在什么地方(用于否定句 / 疑问句 / 条件句中)

Unit2 Knives and forks are used for most western food.

1. serve sb. sth. = serve sth. for sb. 为某人端上

serve the people 为人民服务 (serve后不加for)

server n. 服务员

servant n. 仆人

service n. 服务

2, at the start of = at the beginning of 在……开始时

at the end of 在……结束时

3, be similar to 与……相似

be similar in 在某方面与……相似

4, be used for (doing) sth. 被用于(做)某事

be used as 被用作

be used by 被…使用

be used to do sth. 被用来做某事

used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

be/get used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

5. in one’s left / right 在某人的左手/右手

on one’s left/ right 在某人的左边/右边

6. serve oneself 自助

7. help oneself to sth. 随便用...…(食物/饮料)

8. cross adj. 生气的 同义词为→angry

be cross with sb. 生某人的气

be cross at /about sth. 因某事而生气

cross v. 穿过,越过

9. offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 提供某人某物

offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事

10. be over 结束 adv.

over prep. 在……上方(不接触),越过,超过

11. expect to do sth. 期待做某事

expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事

expect +that从句 预计/料想…...

expect + n./pron. 预计……可能发生;期望

12. as soon as 一……就……(主将从现)

13. finish doing sth. 结束/完成某事

14. eat up sth. 吃完;吃光

15. without (介词),后接名词/代词/动名词。

He went out without locking the door. 他没锁门就出去了。

We can’t finish the work without your help.=We can’t finish the work if you don’t help us.

without用于否定句,表示条件,意为“如果没有”,可与if引导的条件状语从句互换。

16. pick up 捡起;拾起来;拿起;得到

pick sb. up 接某人

17. be/get ready to do sth. 准备好做某事

be /get ready for sth. 为某事做准备

18. find it + 形容词 + to do sth.

I find it hard to learn maths well. 我发现学好数学很难。

find + that + 宾语从句

I find that teachers are friendly to me here. 我发现这里的老师对我很友好。

find +宾语 +宾补(形容词/名词/动词ing)

He found the boy crying over there. 他发现男孩在那边一直在哭。

19. email sb. 给某人写邮件

email ab. at + 邮箱地址 …...往...…邮箱给某人发邮件

20. towards prep. 朝;向;对着。其后接名词、代词或动名词。

Tom ran towards the door. 汤姆朝门跑去。

21. dress up 穿上盛装;乔装打扮

dress up as +打扮成

dress up in +穿衣服

Module7 English for you and me

Unit1 Have you ever been to an English corner?

1. make progress in (doing) sth. 在(做)某事方面取得进步

I have made great progress in maths this year. 这一学期我在数学方面取得了很大进步。

make rapid /great/much/some progress

2. achieve v. 成功;实现(主语是人)

achievement n. 成就

achieve success /victory/one’s dream 取得成功/胜利/实现某人的梦想

come true 主语是梦想、蓝图、计划等。

Your dream will come true one day. 你的梦想有一天会实现的。

3. anyway adv. 无论如何;不管怎样

4. spoken English 英语口语

written English 英语书面语

English-speaking 说英语的

5. keep doing sth. = go on doing sth. 继续做某事

6. have fun 玩得开心

have fun (in) doing sth. 做某事有趣

7. continue to do sth./continue doing sth./continue with sth. 继续做某事

8. you mean 你意思是说,你指,用在口语中,用于核实某人所说的话。

You mean I must finish it before I go home? 你意思是我必须在回家之前完成它。

9. thought 原以为(但实际并非如此或现在不认为)

I thought he was honest, but I’m wrong. 我原以为他很诚实,但是我错了。

10. including prep. 包括,后接名词/代词/动名词。

include v. 包括

11. don’t need to do sth. = needn’t do sth. 不需要做某事;不必做某事

12. speak to sb. 和某人说话/通话

at the same time 同时

13. help sb. with sth. = help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

with one’s help = with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下

Unit2 We all own English.

1. own v. 拥有

owner n. 主人;物主

own adj. 自己的

one’s own 某人自己的

on one’s own = by oneself = alone 独自地

of one’s own 某人自己的

2. be used as 被用作

3. everyday adj. 日常的

every day 每天

4. grow up 长大(成人)

grow vi. 生长;vt. 种植 ;系动词. 变得

5. 分数表示法:分子用基数词,分母用序数词,当分子大于一时,分母要用复数。

a quarter 一刻钟;四分之一

three quarters 四分之三

five sixths 六分之五

分数作主语时,谓语动词的单复数要与其后的名词的数保持一致。

One fifth of the water is dirty. 五分之一的水是脏的。

Three fifths of the students in our class are girls. 我们班五分之三的学生是女孩。

6. There is a good chance that = It is possible that = It is likely that 很有可能……

7. the reason why…is that… …...的原因是...…

The reason why he doesn’t come here today is that he is ill.

他今天没来这里的原因是生病了。

8. a common language 通用语言

common adj. 共同的;普遍的

9. borrow from 从…借用/引用/借入

10. the importance of ……的重要性

We all know the importance of learning English. 我们都知道学习英语的重要性。

11. as 随着,表示两个动作同时发生,引导时间状语从句。

As time went on, he grew cleverer and cleverer. 随着时间的推移,他变得越来越聪明。

12. together with 和……一起;加上,相当于with。当主语部分含有with, together with, along with等介词或介词短语时,谓语动词与介词前面的主语部分一致。

13. rich adj. 富有的;丰富的

be rich in 富有

The small country is rich in oil. 这个国家富有石油。

14. even though = even if 尽管,引导让步状语从句。

15. different types of = different kinds of = all kinds of 不同种类的;各种各样的

a type /kind of 一种

this type /kind of 这种

type n. 类型;各类

type v. 打字

16. so that 以便;为的是;结果,引导目的状语从句/结果状语从句。相当于in order that.

so + 形/副词that… 如此…以致于…

He spoke so fast that no one could follow him. 他说话如此快以致于没有人能跟上。

such+a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+that从句

He is such a nice boy that we all love him. 他是如此好的一个男孩以致于我们都爱他。

such +形容词+复数名词 + that 从句

They are such interesting books that we all enjoy reading them. 它们是如此有趣的书以致于我们都喜欢读。

such + 形容词+不可数名词 + that 从句

Today is such bad weather that we have to stay at home. 今天是如此的坏天气以致于我们必须待在家里。

17. take every chance to do sth. 抓住一切机会做某事

have /get a chance to do sth. = have /get a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事

18. reach a very high level of English 达到一个很高的英语水平

19. bright = clever adj. 聪明的

bright adj. 明亮的;光线充足的

brightly adv. 明亮地

20. hard-working adj. 工作努力的;勤奋的,作表语或定语

work hard 努力工作/学习

work hard on /at 努力学习;努力干;致力于

He works hard at English and he is a hard-working student.

他努力学习英语,他是一个勤奋的学生。

21. be proud of 以……为自豪

take pride in 对……感到自豪

22. learn…from… 从某处获得知识

learn from sb. 向某人学习

learn…by heart 熟记……,背诵

learn one’s lesson from 从……中吸取教训

learn…by oneself 自学

23. disappear 消失 vi.不及物动词,不能用于被动语态.

appear v. 出现

appearance n. 出现;露面;外表

He disappeared into the dark. 他消失在黑暗中。

24. have/has been + 动词的ing形式,是现在完成进行时结构,表示过去某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态一直延续到现在。

I have been writing the novel for two months. 这本小说我已经写了两个月了。

25. be based on 以……为依据

This novel is based on historical facts. 这部小说是以历史事实为根据的。

Module8 My future life

Unit1 Here’s to our friendship!

1. I feel a bit sad. 我感觉有点伤心。

2. beat n. 节拍;拍子

beat v. 战胜;敲;跳动

3. Pardon? 能再说一遍吗?/你说什么?相当于 I beg your pardon.

4. intend to do sth. 打算做某事

intend sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事

5. for long = for a long time 很长时间

6. I hope so. 我希望是这样的。(同意)

I hope not. 我希望不是这样。(不同意)

7. even if = even though 尽管;即使

8. Good for you! 太好了!/祝贺你!/适合你!(表赞赏)

9. fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 去拿某物给某人

fetch sth. from sw. 去某地拿来某物

10. raise our glasses 举杯

raise v. 升起;起身;举起;提高;筹钱

raise money

11. Here’s to sb. /sth.! 为某人/某事干杯!

Cheers!干杯!(喝酒时)

Unit2 I know that you will be better at maths.

1. I’m proud +that 从句 我很自豪…

2. choose sb. to do sth. 选某人做某事

choose to do sth. 选择去做某事

make a choice 做出选择

3. a group of 一群;一组

in groups 以小组为单位;成群结队的

4. thank sb. for (doing) sth. 感谢某人(做了)某事

thank sb. 感谢某人

give thanks for sth. 为…… 而感谢

give thanks to sb. 感谢某人

give thanks to sb. for doing sth. 为做某事而感谢某人

5. laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人

smile at/to sb. 对某人微笑

6. teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事

teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某事

teach oneself sth. = learn sth. by oneself 自学……

7. kind adj. 好心的;和蔼的

kindness n. 善举;好意

8. There is no success without effort. 没有努力就不会有成功。

9. try / do one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力做某事

10. not only … but also … 不仅……而且...…

11. work hard at 在……方面努力学习;致力于

12. disappointed adj. 失望的;沮丧的

be disappointed with sb. 对某人失望

disappointing adj. 令人失望的;令人扫兴的

13. make / take notes 记笔记

14. be sure that从句 确信

be sure of /about sth. 对……确信/有把握

be sure to do sth. 务必/ 一定做某事

15. happy 快乐的

happily 快乐地

happiness n. 快乐;幸福;高兴

16. stay in touch = keep in touch 保持联系

out of touch 失去联系

stay / keep in touch with sb. 与某人保持联系

lose touch with sb. 与某人失去联系

19. match v. 与……相配

The tie matches your clothes. 那条领带与你的衣服相配。

match … with… 把……与……搭配起来

Match the words with the pictures.

20. It’s time to do sth. = It’s time for sth. 到做某事的时间了

It’s time for sb. to do sth. 到某人该做某事的时间了

21. make a living 谋生

His father made a living by selling newspaper. 他父亲以卖报为生。

22. He believes that he has a bright future ahead of him. 他相信他前面有一片光明的未来。

23. What are you planning to do in the next three years.?你计划在接下来的三年里做什么?


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