高一必修3Unit2同步常考知识点练习
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 Unit2 Healthy eating

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.Many people have come to realize that they should go on __a__ balanced diet and make room in their day for exercise.

解析:句意:许多人已经意识到他们应该保持平衡的饮食,而且每天留时间进行锻炼。a balanced diet平衡的饮食。

2.—How was your recent trip to Sichuan?

—I've never had a __more__ pleasant one before.

解析:考查形容词的比较级。句意:——你最近去四川的旅行怎么样?——这是让我最为愉快的旅行了。否定词never与比较级a more pleasant构成最高级的含义。

3.—In this day and age, women can have children and jobs as well.

—I can't agree more.It's great to have the two__combined__(combine).

解析:句意:——在现在这个年代,妇女可以兼顾养育子女与工作。——我非常同意。把这两者结合起来是非常棒的。

4.Since nobody gave him any help, he __must__ have done the research on his own.

解析:本题考查情态动词的用法。句意:因为没有人帮助他,他一定是自己独立完成的研究。must have done表示对过去事实的肯定推测。

5.While prices are rising so fast,many people are working out ways to cut __down__their expenses.

解析:句意:当价格飞涨时,许多人做出了削减费用的举措。cut down削减,缩短,砍倒。

6.You'd better take into account your own __strengths__(strong) and weaknesses before choosing a major.

解析:句意:在选专业之前你最好考虑你的优缺点。strength“强项,优势”,符合句意。

7.The child should be punished.You shouldn't let him get __away__ with telling lies.

解析:句意:这孩子应受到惩罚。他撒谎你不应该不处罚他。get away with侥幸成功;逃脱处罚。

8.—Are you pleased with what he has done?

—Not a bit.It couldn't be any __worse__(bad).

解析:考查形容词的比较级。答语中的Not a bit表示“一点儿也不”,由此可知,第二个说话人认为他做的事情糟糕透顶,此处是否定词与比较级连用表示最高级含义。

9.Mr.Stevenson is great to work for—I really couldn't ask for a __better__(good) boss.

解析:考查比较级用法。“can't/couldn't...+比较级”表示最高级含义。根据前半句“Mr.Stevenson is great to work for”可知,Stevenson是一个不错的老板,因此说“我真的找不到个比他更好的老板了”,表示在我看来他是最好的。

10.Whom do you expect to have __solve__(solve) the problem of overloaded school buses?

解析:句意:你希望让谁来解决校车超载的问题?expect to do sth.表示“期望做某事”;have sb.do sth.表示“让某人做某事”。本句是对“expect to have sb.do sth.”中的宾语sb.进行提问。

11.My uncle hasn't been able to quit smoking, but at least he has cut__down__.

解析:句意:我叔叔没能戒烟,但至少他减少了用量。cut down意为“削减,减少;砍倒”,符合题意。

12.—Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency?

—Well, you know, English is my__strength__(strong).So it is my best choice.

解析:句意:——你为什么选择在国际旅行社工作?——噢,你知道,英语是我的强项。因此这是我的最佳选择。strength“强项,优点,长处”。

13.I had hoped to take a holiday this year but I wasn't able to get__away__.

解析:句意:我本希望今年度假,但我不能离开。get away离开,抽身,脱身,符合题意。

14.No one __could__ be more generous;he has a heart of gold.

解析:本题考查情态动词。句意:没有人能更慷慨,他有一颗金子般的心。could能够,符合题意。

15.You are working too hard.You'd better keep a __balance__ (balanced) between work and relaxation.

解析:本题考查名词的用法。句意:你工作太努力了,你最好在工作和休闲方面保持平衡。keep a balance“保持平衡”。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.Sometimes, __telling_lies__(说谎) is not necessarily harmful, for example, white lies.

2.The best thing to do with your weight problem is to limit yourself to 1,000 calories a day to try to __lose_weight__(减肥).

3.He had a burning desire __to_win_back__(赢回) his father's love and confidence.

4.He pretended to be ill and skipped school, but he didn't __get_away_with_it__(逃脱处罚).

5.__Neither_you_nor_I__(你我都不)am so energetic as to stay up all night watching movies.

6.我想没有什么比失去一个忠实的朋友更令人痛苦的了。

I think nothing is __more_painful__ than losing a devoted friend.

7.现在我们国家已经非常关注保持经济发展和环境之间的平衡。

Now our country has paid much attention to __keeping_a_balance__ between economic development and environment.

8.我不允许你那样搞恶作剧。

I won't have you __playing_a_trick(=tricks)__ like that.

9.有了医生了的帮助,我就能够把体重减轻,又变得苗条起来。

__With_the_help_of_the_doctor(=With_the_doctor's_help)__,I could lose weight and become slim again.

10.汤姆一定跟他道过歉并得到了原谅,因为他们在那边有说有笑的,玩得开心得很呢!

Tom __must_have_apologized_to(=must_have_made_an_apology_to)__ him and got his forgiveness, for they are having fun there, talking and laughing merrily.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.She is so fat that she has made up her mind to go on diet to lose weight.

__diet前加a__

2.Both of the two restaurants have their strength and weaknesses, so they decided to combine them together into a larger one.

__strength→strengths__

3.They stood there, glared at each other without a word.

__glared→glaring__

4.Knowledge can be great benefit to everybody.

__great前加of__

5.China today is no longer that what she used to be thirty years ago.

__去掉that__

6.I'm very sorry to have had you wait for so long.

__wait→waiting__

7.—What do you think of the concert?

—I have never seen a more better one.

__去掉more__

8.Whom do you expect to have helped you with your English.

__helped→help__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang__hurrying__(hurry) by.

解析:考查“see+宾语+宾补”结构。hurry与his friend 之间为主动关系,且表正在进行。

2.He could not have Yong Hui__getting__(get) away with telling people lies!

解析:考查“have+宾语+宾补”的用法。get 与宾语之间为主动关系,此处表示“让某人一直做……”。故填getting。

3.Perhaps__with__a discount and a new sign he could win his customers__back__ .

解析:第一空考查with的用法。表示“通过,使用”;第二空为固定短语,win back意为“赢回”。

4.Their balanced diets became such a success__that__before long Wang Peng became slimmer and Yong Hui put__on__more weight.

解析:第一空考查句式“such...that...”;第二空考查固定短语“put on weight”,意为“增加体重”。

5.Wany Peng was amazed__at__this and especially at the prices.

解析:考查固定短语,be amazed at 意为“因……而惊讶”。

6.Something terrible__must__have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant__as__ he always did.

解析:第一空考查情态动词,表示对“过去情况非常肯定的推测”用must have done;第二空考查as的用法,表示“正如,像……”。

7.But don't you think it would be better if you were a bit__thinner__(thin).

解析:考查形容词的比较级,a bit修饰比较级。

8.I found your menu so__limited__(limit) that I stopped__worrying__(worry) and started advertising the benefits of my food.

解析:第一空考查词形转换“find+宾语+adj.”,limited“有限的”;第二空考查“stop doing sth.”。

9.According__to__my research, neither your restaurant nor mine__offers__(offer) a balanced diet.

解析:第一空考查according to意为“根据”;第二空考查主谓一致,谓语动词就近原则。

10.They were both enjoying dumplings and breast of chicken__cooked__(cook) with garlic.

解析:考查非谓语动词作定语。cook与chicken之间为被动关系,故用cooked。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

They began to talk about menus and ①__balanced__(balance) diets.“According to my research, neither your restaurant ②__nor__ mine offers a balanced diet,” explained Wang Peng.“I don't offer enough fibre ③__and__ you don't offer enough body­building and energy­giving food. Perhaps ④__we__ ought to combine our ideas and provide a balanced menu ⑤__with__ food full of energy and fibre.” So that is what they did. They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than ⑥__fried__(fry) them. They served fresh fruit with the ice cream. In this way they cut down the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced diets became such a success ⑦__that__ before long Wang Peng became ⑧__slimmer__(slim) and Yong Hui put on more ⑨__weight__(weigh).After some time the two found that their business cooperation had turned into ⑩__a__ personal one. Finally they got married and lived happily ever after.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.这些是保持健康的几条可行性建议。

Here are some practical tips for you to__keep_healthy/fit__.

2.你需要健康均衡的饮食。

You are supposed to__have_a_healthy_and_balanced_diet__.

3.不要吃富含糖类和脂肪的食物。

Don't eat food__containing/which_contains__too much sugar and fat.

4.它们容易让你长胖。

They will make you__put_on/gain_weight__easily.

5.因此应该减少它们的摄入量。

You should__cut_down__the amount of them.

6.为了健康,充分的休息是必要的。

It is necessary to have enough rest__for_the_benefit_of__your health.

组篇公式:将句3、4用定语从句连接。

答案:

Here are some practical tips for you to keep healthy/fit. First of all,you are supposed to have a healthy and balanced diet. Besides, don't eat food containing too much sugar and fat,which will make you put on/gain weight easily. Therefore, you should cut down the amount of them. Meanwhile, it is necessary to have enough rest for the benefit of your health.


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