2017-2018学年上学期高二期末英语真题
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2017-2018学年高二上学期期末英语试卷

 

说 明:本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,共11页。考试时间120分钟,分值150分。

 

第Ⅰ卷

 

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where does the woman live now?

A. New York B. Chicago C. Boston

2. What’s the most weather like in the place of the sold house?

A. Rainy B. Warm C. Snowy

3. What time is it now?

A.4:15 B.4:45 C. 5:00

4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a theater B. In the post office C .In a school

5. When would Elvis and Susan like to leave?

A. Tomorrow B. This Friday C .Next Monday or Tuesday

 

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分, 满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题

6.What is the man complaining(抱怨) about ?

A. The room service is bad.

B. He can’t go to the nightclub.

C. He can’t drink Scotch in the club.

7. What does the man finally decide to do?

A. Stay in the room B. Buy a ticket C. Go out for a walk

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题

8.What is Ric’s response(反映) for dumplings ?

A. He really likes them

B. He’s fed up with them

C. He has no idea.

9. What do they decide to eat at last?

A. Mongolian hot pot B. Yuanyang pot C. Lamb

听第8段材料,回答第10-12题

10. Which food should the woman avoid?

A. Chocolate B. Apple C. Milk

11. What should the woman do besides diet?

A. Sleep early at night. B. Do exercise everyday. C. Rest more.

12. What’s the doctor’s advice about beers?

A. Never have them B. Can drink a little C. Can drink more

听第9段材料,回答第13-16小题

13. What is Paul doing?

A. Reading a book. B. Writing a report C. Cooking supper.

 

14.Where does the woman come from?[来源:Zxxk.Com]

A. America B. Italy C. Canada.

15. What’s John going to do?

A. Make a trip to Britain. B. Open a shop. C. Get a job abroad.

16. When does the woman want to invite John and Sue for dinner?

A. Friday B. Saturday C. Sunday.

听第10段材料,回答第17--20题

17. How long will the festival last?

A. A week B. A month C. A season

18. What will be shown in the festival?

A. Some classical movies.

B. The opening ceremony

C. A recent successful film.

19. What is the influence of this film festival?

A. Chinese people can learn European film’s development and European culture.

B. More people willstudy in European countries.

C. European will become a popular tourism destination (旅游场所).

20. What is the best title of the text?

A. More People Are Interested in European Films

B. China Will Import More European Films

C. The 4th Annual European Union Film Festival.

 

第二部分:阅读理解。(共两节满分40分)

第一节(共15题,每小题2分,满分30分)

 

A

Most young people enjoy some form of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some form---football, basketball, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering.

 

Those who have a passionfor climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with surprise. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their free time.

Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as others, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods.

If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports, we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game”. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no “matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork.

The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.

A mountain climber continues to improve in skills year after year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty. But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.

21.Mountaineering is a sport, not a game because ________.

A. there is not certain rule for climbers to follow.

B. it is too dangerous for climbers

C. it can’t bring people joy and leisure

D. it has man-made rules.

22. According to the author, the only enemy of mountaineers should be _____?

A.temperature B.nature C. climate D.patience

23. The underlined word “passion” in Paragraph 2 could be replaced by ________

A.enthusiasm B.taste C. gift D.strength

 

B

I travel a lot in my work, and what I dislike about my job is eating alone. It always makes me feel lonely to see others laughing and talking. So, room service for several nights was a better choice for me.

After having room service three nights at a hotel in Houston, however, I needed to get out of my room. Although the restaurant opened at 6:30, I arrived at 6:25. The waiter at the front desk made a comment about my “being there really early”. I explained my dislike of eating alone in restaurants. He then seated me at a lovely table and asked me whether I would mind if he sat down with me for a while.

I was glad! He sat and talked with me about his career goals and the difficulty of being at work on nights, weekends and holidays. He said he hadn’t enough time to be with his family. After 15 minutes, he saw some customers at the front desk and excused himself. I noticed that before he went to the front desk, he stopped in the kitchen for a moment.

Then another waiter came out of the kitchen and had a wonderful chat with me. Before I left that night, some other waiters, even the cook, had come out of the kitchen and sat with me!

When I asked for my bill about one hour later, all the people who had sat down with me came over in a big group to my table, and presented me with a red rose. And I cried! What had begun as a lonely night ended as a beautiful experience.

24. The author wants to tell us that ______.

A. people can get help for their loneliness

B. restaurants should put the need of customers first

C. restaurants are full of surprises

D. the kindness of strangers can make you less lonely

25.The reason why the author hated to eat in the hotel restaurant is that ______.

A. he didn’t like the discomfort caused by eating alone

B. he didn’t like being disturbed by the noises around

C. he didn’t like meeting strangers in the restaurant

D. he didn’t like being pointed at or laughed at

 

26.How did the waiter feel when he saw the author come in at 6:25?

A. Dissatisfied. B. Surprised. C. Pleased. D. Angry.

 

27.From the third paragraph, we can learn that the waiter at the front desk ______.

A. knew how to attract more customers to his restaurant

B. had never had such a chance to talk about his worries

C. was getting tired of his present job

D. found it hard to balance his work and his family

 

C

In the rush to get to school, you drop a piece of toast on the floor. Do you throw it away or decide it’s still OK to eat? If you’re like most people, you eat it. Maybe you follow the “5-second rule”, which says foods are safe to eat if you pick them up within 5 seconds after dropping them. But you might want to think again. Scientists now say that 5 seconds is all it takes for foods to become polluted with enough bacteria(细菌)to make you sick.

Bacteria can cause many kinds of illnesses. Some kinds of bacteria can grow on food. If you eat foods on which these bacteria are growing, you can become sick.

One of these food-borne bacteria is Salmonella(沙门氏菌). It makes 1.4 million people sick every year. Salmonella is often found in raweggs and chicken. Cooking kills these bacteria, which is why it is so important to cook eggs, chicken, and other foods thoroughly.

But how long does it take these bacteria to pollute food? A team of scientists in South Carolina did an experiment. First, they placed an amount of Salmonella on three surfaces; wood, tile (瓦片), and carpet. They placed a piece of bread and a piece of bologna(一种大红肠)on each surface for 5, 30, or 60 seconds. After just 5 seconds, both the bread and the bologna picked up enough bacteria to make you sick.

So, forget the 5-second rule. If your toast drops on the floor, throw it away and get another piece of clean toast. And next time, be careful not to drop it!

28. After dropping a piece of toast, a person who follows the “5-second rule” will_____.

A.get another piece of clean toast quickly and eat it

B. eat the toast within 5 seconds and feel pleased

C.pick up the toast as quickly as possible and eat it

D.throw away dirty toast immediately and go away

29. The underlined word “raw” in Paragraph 3 most probably means ______

A. delicious B. uncooked C. cheapD. hot

30. In which part of a newspaper can you most probably find this passage?

A. Culture B. Technology C. Advertisement D. Health

31. What’s the author’s attitude to the “5-second rule” ?

A. PositiveB. ActiveC. NegativeD. Cautious

D

To travel abroad, we often meet the problem of what to take and how to take it .Take as little as possible. Choose clothes for your use in different kinds of situations and when you have made your final choice, take half of it! It’s always a big problem to take too many things, and anyway if necessary, you can buy what you need in America. Things like jeans, T-shirts and other clothes are good buys in the US. If you hunt around you can usually find something on sale.

Whatever baggage you take, make sure it is easy to take .Getting on and off buses and trains, even just changing planes, can be a test if your bags are too heavy or too many .The best way is to take one holdall, like a suitcase or a backpack, and then a smaller bag. Even when you have to check in your hodall, at the airport or bus station, you can keep all your money and documents by your side. It is also a good idea to keep a change of clothing in your shoulder bag in case your suitcase or backpack gets lost by an airline or a bus company.

The means you choose to travel around the US will depend on your money, your time and something else. Since there are certain discounts available to travelers who buy their tickets outside the US, it is a good idea to make travel plans before you go .Also , when you buy your tickets outside the US, you save the eight percent sales tax. Travel is like everything else in America—you have to shop around for the best buys. Never be afraid to ask for the cheapest fare. The clerk seldom offers you the cheapest one.

32.What is the writer’s idea about what to take while travelling abroad ?

A. Take as many clothes as possible.

B. Take as few things as you can.

C. Take only your tickets and money.

D. Take whatever you can use in differentsituations.

33. The writer thinks travelers had better put their money and documents in _______.

A. a suitcase B. a backpack C. a shoulder bag D. a coat pocket

34. From the last paragraph we can learn that _______.

A. travelling around the US will cost you little money.

B.buying tickets outside the US is cheaper.

C.asking prices is notgood manners in the US.

D.clerks always see you the cheapest things.

35. The passage is mainly about some advice about _____.

A. travelling in America

B.shopping in America

C.the means to travel around the US

D.the ways to save money in the USA

 

第二节:七选五型阅读理解(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

从文章后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并将答案标号填写在本题下面相应题号后的横线上。选项中有两项多余选项。

 

Losing weight is tough. For most people, it requires a change in diet, a change in exercise habits, and a change in attitude. 36

Set healthy goals.

 

If you're overweight and want to change that, the first step is deciding what your target weight is. 37

Start small.

 

Making major behavior modifications (行为矫正)isn’t something that happens overnight. 38 Commit to eating 5 servings of vegetables a day and exercising 2 days a week for the first week,then add a little more each week.

Track your diet and exercise.

 

Now it’s time to start working toward that goal. The best way to stick with your diet and exercise rules is to track it. 39 Or you can do it the old fashioned way and keep a written food and exercise journal. Find what works for you and write down what you’ve accomplished every day.

___40____

Every month you should take a look at your goal and see what type of progress you have made toward accomplishing it .If you’re not where you want to be,make minor adjustments. Try doing different exercises or cutting back on certain types of foods that you may be eating too much of.

Losing weight and keeping it off is a highly personal thing. Find what works for you and stick with it.

A. Write down your goal and set a date by which you want to accomplish that goal.

 

B.You might as well start with your own attitude.

 

C.So start with 1-2 things per week and work up from there.

 

D.Here’s how you can accomplish all the three.

E. What steps are you going to take to achieve your goal.

F. Evaluate and adjust

G. There are plenty of Apps that allow you to do this.

 

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节满分45分)

 

第一节:完形填空(共20题,每小题1.5分, 满分30分)

 

Though one can change his or her physical appearance with the help of cosmetics(化妆品), honesty is a quality that is not easily gained. 41 when choosing my friends, I look 42 people who value honesty as much as I do.

 

Honesty is much more 43 than physical appearance, because, for me, a friend should be my secret keeper and problem 44 .When I have a problem, I like to ask for 45 from my friends. However, I want to be sure that I can discuss private things with my friends and that they won’t 46 anyone else. Also, I want my friends to give me their 47 opinions. I don’t want them to lie to me or try to 48 the truth. That would only 49 me and make me upset.

 

In addition, I like being an honest person that people can 50. I believe friends should have a 51 influence on you and help you to better yourself. If I am around someone who often lies, I might pick up his or her bad 52. Then, I would become someone that others can’t trust.

 

Another 53 is that physical appearance is not always a good reflection(反映) of how someone is on the inside. Your friend’s 54 can’t help you to solve a problem or make you feel 55 when you are feeling bad. However, an honest person with a good personality will 56 your feelings enough to tell you the truth, even when57 the truth may be difficult. Unlikea good personality, good looks do not last.

 

Overall, I believe one’s social life will always be much more 58 if one has an honest friend rather than a physically 59 one. The phrase “Honesty is the best policy” is especially 60 when it comes to keeping lasting friendships.

41. A. However

B.Therefore

C.Anyhow

D. Besides

42.A. into

B. up

C. for

D. down

43.A. important

B. common

C. obvious

D. mysterious

44.A. lover

B. finder

C.maker

D. solver

45.A. advice

B. trouble

C. money

D. permission

46.A. see

B. answer

C. invite

D. tell

47.A. honest

B. various

C. contrary

D. wrong

48.A. face

B. hide

C. discover

D. admit

49.A. forget

B. hurt

C. treat

D. refuse

50.A. meet

B. miss

C. learn

D. trust

51.A. positive

B. immediate

C. dangerous

D. slight

52.A. habit

B.tip

C. skill

D.secret

53.A. goal

B. result

C. reason

D. function

54.A. name

B. looks

C.feelings

D. behavior

55.A.safer[来源:学&科&网]

B. stronger

C.better

D. sadder

56.A.waken

B.discuss

C. describe

D.respect

57.A.having

B.telling

C. writing

D. hearing

58.A. modern

B. normal

C. peaceful

D. pleasant

59.A. rich [来源:学科网ZXXK]

B.attractive

C. possible

D. sick

60.A. simple

B. rude

C.true

D.polite

 

第II卷

第二节 语法填空(共10题 每小题1.5分 满分15分)

 

根据句意及括号内所给提示完成短文。

Once upon a time, there was a mother who lived alone with her son .They worked very hard all year round but they still couldn’t live a __61___(comfort)life. They really looked forward to __62__ (make) their life better, but didn’t know how.

One year, a merchant came to the village. He needed ___63__ (spend) some weeks there. The merchant was so kind-hearted that he made a __64___ (decide) to help the poor mother and her son. He gave them some money from time to time. Because they __65___ (help) by the merchant, they lived a better life than before.

But one day, the woman talked to her son, “The merchant will leave sooner__66__ later. After he leaves, we’ll live poorly again. Since he lives alone and isn’t always at home, we can go and get all his money.” But the son __67___ (immediate) refused to do so, saying, “Oh, no, Mom! We should never do that, He helps us a lot! We should be __68___ (grate) to him instead __69__ robbing him.” Having heard her son’s words, the woman gave up her terrible idea .When the merchant left, he __70___(take) the son with him and taught him how to do business .And the son returned as a successful merchant.

第四部分:写作(共两节 满分35分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题 每小题1分 满分10分)

 

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

 

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

 

删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

 

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

 

注意:

 

1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

 

2.只允许修10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

In order to make use of learn materials, the Student’s Union of our school is planning a activity. The school – leavers are called on to give away their used book, newspapers or magazines to the students in the lower grades. The idea, that is intended to promote friendship and encourage a low – carbon lifestyle, is praised and supported by the teachers and students. The activity will be hold on the first floor of the school library and so it will last eleven days, from June 10 to 20. As student, I strong support the activity because it is very meaning and helpful. I hope that this kind of activity will continue every year for the future.

 

第二节:书面表达。(满分25分)

请以“未来的生活”为话题,写一篇演讲稿,内容涵盖以下方面:

 

1. 我对未来的生活很乐观

 

2. 未来的生存环境将更加舒适漂亮

 

3. 人类不会担心能源缺乏,将来我们会使用太阳能,风能,潮汐能等

 

4. 家家都有机器人,机器人可以帮我们打扫卫生,帮助我们做功课等

 

注意:1. 字数要求:100词左右

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

3. 参考词汇 :乐观的 optimistic 生存环境 surroundings 潮汐能 tidal energy

 

2017-2018学年高二上学期期末英语试卷答案

 

一. 听力:(每小题1.5分,满分30分)

1-5. ACABC 6-10. BABBA 11-15. BBACB 16-20. BBCAC

二. 阅读理解:(每小题2分,满分40分)

21—23 ABA 24—27 DABD 28—31 CBDC

32—35 BCBA 36--40 DACGF

 

三. 完形填空:(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

41—45 BCADA 46—50 DABBD 51—55 AACBC 56—60 DBDBC

四. 语法填空:(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

1.comfortable 2. making 3.to spend 4.decision 5.were helped

 

6.or 7.immediately 8.grateful 9.of 10. took[来源:Z*xx*k.Com]

 

五. 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分;满分10分)

第一句 learn—learning a—an

第二句 book—books

第三句 that—which

第四句 hold—held; so去掉

第五句 As 后加 a ; strong—strongly; meaning—meaningful;

第六句 for—in

 

六. 书面表达(25分)

 

参考范文:

I’m optimistic about life in the future. By that time the surroundings where we live will be more comfortable and beautiful. People will not worry about lack of energy any longer because solar energy, wind energy and tidal energy will have been made full use of and sea water will be switched into energy as well, taking the place of oil. There will be robots in every family, which can help people sweep up the houses, cook meals, look after the babies and so on. Only by pressing a button can cars fly in all directions. This is what our life will be like in the future.

 

听力原文

 

Text 1

M: Do you enjoy life in New York ?

W: No, I don’t . I’m planning to move to Chicago or Boston.But I’ve never regretted my ealier decidion.

 

Text 2

M: Why did the old couple sell their house here ?

W: Because they wanted to live somewhere warm. They were tired of the snow all year round.

 

Text 3

W: Hurry up! It’s a quarter to five already.

M: Don’t worry. The clock is half an hour fast .

 

Text 4

W: What a crowd !

M: Let’s get in the queue.

W: What are you mailing , Ruan ?

M: A textbook . It’s based on a new method of teaching physics. I want my friends to take a look at it .

 

Text 5

M: Have Elvis and Susan set a date for leaving ?

W: No, they haven’t .But Elvis said they‘d like to leave next Monday or Tuesday .

M: I’d like to see them off at the airport. Will you go with me?

W: Sure.

 

Text 6

W: And what seems to be the trouble,Sir ?

M: They don’t want to let me into the nightclub.

W: Well, I’m afraid there is an entrance charge, sir.

M: But I am a resident!I live in ROOM 634

W: I’m very sorry, sir, but you see it is something of a special evening. Our guest star this evening is Sammy Davis Junior and I’m afraid that the tickets do cost 100 marks each .I could see if there are any left if you would like one . We generally try to keep a few back for the residents.

M:Good Lord,That’s nearly 35 pounds.No, on second thoughts , I don’t think I’ll bother.Could you have them sent up a bottle of Scoth to my room. I’ll entertain myself instead .

W:Very good , Sir ,That is Room 634 , isn’t it ?

 

Text 7

M: I’m so hungry .Shall we go eat now ,Rick ?

W: Sure, where do you want to go ?Are you in the mood for anything in particular ?

W: How about some dumplings ?I just can’t get enough of them .

M: Dumplings again ! Oh , Amy, let’s try something new!

W: Well , what do you have in mind?

M: How about the Mongolian hot pot ?

W: Oh, it’s too spicy for me. Don’t you remember last time when I tasted the lamb?It was so spicy my eyes teared up!

M: Maybe we can try “Yuanyang pot” this time. You can choose the non-spicy soup base.

W: Sounds great .Do they serve noodles? I am in the mood for some tasty noodles as well.

M: Yes, The sliced noodles they offer are among the most delicious Shanxi food.

W: Great. Let’s go !

M: Wait a minute. Let me throw on a sweater.

 

Text 8

W: Doctor, what are some things I can do to stay as healthy as I can be?

M: You need to eat healthy foods and avoid unhealthy foods .

W: Sometimes I don’t know what the best foods are.

M: Fresh fruits and vegetables are important, along with protein and whole grains .

W: What things should I avoid?

M: You don’t want to eat food that is high in fat. You need to avoid caffeine and sugar.

W: Beyond diet , what else can I do to be healthy?

M: Getting 30minutes of exercise a day is important. If you smoke , you need to stop.

W: How about having a beer on the weekend?

M: Less than a serving a alcohol a day can actually be good for you .Do not overdo it !

 

Text 9

W: What are you reading , Paul?

 

M: Oh, it’s a book about engineering.[来源:Zxxk.Com]

W: Why are you reading on Friday evening?

M: Because I ‘ve got to write a report this weekend.

W: What are you going to do when you graduate?

M: I’d like to get job abroad, I think. What are you going to do when your year at Weston is over?

W: I’m going to spend a few weeks touring Britain, then going back to Canada ,I suppose.

M: What is John going to do?

W: I think he’s going to open a branch of “Pretty Feet” in London. Now he’s seeing some designers in Italy. He’s coming back tomorrow. By the way, what are you and Sue doing on Saturday evening ?

M: We haven’t decided yet.Why?

W: Well, I thought we could cook another of our famous suppers an invite John and Sue.

M: Oh,no! Sorry, Barbara, but I really have to read this book

 

Text 10

W: The 4thAnnual European Union Film Festival in Chinawill be held from Nov.1 to Nov.30 in Beijing. The film festival is organized by the Delegation of the European Union to China. It will invite all 27 EU Member State. In the festival they will show one recent, popular and successful film.

According to EU Ambassador, more and more Chinese people are interested in European films. There are 5,000 people in 2008 and 13,000 in 2010.

He said that the EU Film Festival provides a good chance for Chinese to appreciate EU films and learn about their development. That could also lead the Chinese to learn European culture.

He hopes the festival will attract more Chinese people to see European films so that China will import more European movies. The films to be screened during the festival will include comedies, dramas, documentaries, and suspense films. Each film will be screened in its original language with English and Chinese subtitles.


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